A chemical peel can make you look years younger by removing and softening fine lines, age spots, sun damage, hyper pigmentation, acne scars, enlarged pores and blemishes. A chemical peel is a safe and effective accelerated form of exfoliation that can smooth the skin’s surface by chemically removing the outer layers, which facilitates the formation of new skin cells. Chemical peels can rejuvenate the skin, eliminate blotchy patches and improve wrinkles through chemical exfoliation. You can choose from three peel depth levels, depending on the amount of skin damage. The effects of a chemical peel can often be enhanced with using proper skin care products and topical medications such as vitamin A.
How Is A Chemical Peel Performed?
Prior to the peel, you will follow a special skin care regimen to prepare your skin. After your skin has been primed through skin care or Microdermabrasion, your skin will be cleansed and a mild toner will be used to remove the natural surface oils. The agent is then applied targeting the epidermis and dermis to remove the superficial layer of dead skin cells. After a period of time, your physician or skin care specialist will neutralize and remove the product. Your skin is cleaned and a moisturizer and sunscreen is applied. Some chemical peels can be left on the skin because they are self-neutralizing and need to be kept on for a certain amount of time before being rinsed off. ALWAYS wear sunscreen prior to getting a chemical peel.
Types of Chemical Peels
For a light depth peel, the skin is prepared and a mild chemical peel will be applied. The peel creates a healthy, refreshed appearance to the skin with no down time because the living skin is left intact. As you heal, the old, damaged skin will shed off and be replaced by a layer of new healthy skin. A layer of collagen will also form below the skin surface to help tighten and smooth out your new skin.
Light peels do not require any anesthesia. For a medium depth peel, a stronger more concentrated chemical peel is applied so the deeper layer of skin, the dermis, will be affected. A few days after the acid is applied, the skin begins to shed layers of dead skin off. With medium peels you will experience a dry, flaky feeling while the skin is healing. You are more likely to be slightly pink following a medium peel. This will subside in a few days. A medium depth peel can effectively improve facial wrinkles and sun-damaged skin. Medium peels are great for acne-prone skin.
For a deep depth peel, an even stronger chemical agent is used to penetrate the deep layer of the dermis. The peel targets deep and widespread wrinkles and extremely rough skin. It is used only in selected cases and is not recommended for darker skinned patients but can be used on such skin if properly prepped with topical medications 6 to 8 weeks prior to the treatment. A sedative may be used to lessen any discomfort. Deep peels are great for getting rid of not only deep wrinkles and rough skin. They are also great for extreme cases of acne, hyper pigmented skin, uneven skin tone, scarring, and old acne marks that don’t seem to go away with skin care products alone. Deep chemical peels are also great for helping to reduce the appearance of large pores.
Who can benefit from a Chemical Peel?
Women and men with acne, superficial wrinkles of the face, neck, upper chest, and arms are excellent candidates for a chemical peel. Those concerned about uneven skin pigmentation, enlarged facial pores, sun damage, superficial acne scars and age spots may also benefit from a chemical peel. Young adults can also benefit from chemical peels when suffering from acne.
How do I decide which type of peel I should have?
Your Aesthetician/Doctor can help you decide what depth of peel, what type of chemical solution is most appropriate, which areas you want peeled and will discuss desired results. A small test spot may be peeled to get a better idea of the results, especially for people with darker skin.
What is the healing process?
Your doctor or skin care specialist will send you home with specific after-care instructions for your newly rejuvenated facial skin. After light peels, the treated skin turns red or pink and heals without crusting. Healing typically occurs in 5 days or less. For medium depth peels, there may be some flaking during the healing process, which is typically complete within 1 to 2 weeks.
There may also be some redness, which can be covered with makeup and may persist for up to 3 or 4 weeks, depending on the individual's skin condition. For deep peels, your doctor will give you strict instructions. Avoid sun exposure with all types of peels and let your skin heal naturally – treat it gently and use only recommended cleansers and healing agents such as Peptides.
When will I be able to see the results?
You will start noticing pink, fresh skin emerging from under the peeling, damaged skin within the first few days. Patients should not help the peel along by pulling or rubbing the old skin off. Doing so can result in scarring or hyper pigmentation.
Within a few weeks, any pinkness will fade for most light peels. Depending upon the depth of the peel, you may have lingering pinkness that may look like a mild sunburn or flushed appearance. Your doctor or skin care specialist will recommend the type of peel most suitable to your skin type, skin condition and your desired results.
How often should I have a chemical peel done?
Depending on what kind of change you are trying to achieve will determine what kind of peel and how often you should get one done. Your doctor or skin care specialist will be able to determine how many and how often is best for you. Some determining factors are, skin type, how much downtime or peeling are you willing to have, how often you are in the sun, and/or how extreme the acne is.